First doctors and treatments

Some of the first doctors could treat you, pull out your teeth and also cut your hair! They were called barbers!

This picture shows a barber-surgeon letting blood out of a patient over 400 years ago. They thought that if someone had a fever, it was because they had too much blood inside them. The barber-surgeon would make a cut to bleed out the extra blood.

Most of their treatments did not work very well.

Not all of their cures were so painful. They would also use herbs and natural medicines.

A barber-surgeon bleeding a patient

Picture: US National Library of Medicine

See some of the medicines used in medieval times

Modern medicines from plants